RODENT CONTROL TIPS
SIGNS OF RODENT ACTIVITY
Damaged, partially eaten fruits and nuts, such as walnuts, oranges, and avocados.
Broken snail shells under bushes, on fences or near nesting sites.
Signs of gnawing on plastic wood or rubber materials.
Greasy rub marks caused by the rat’s oily fur coming in repeated contact with painted surfaces or wooden beams.
Rodent droppings are usually signs of significant rodent activity. The droppings are randomly scattered and will normally be found close to a rat runway, feeding location, or near shelter. Droppings can be found in forced air heaters, swimming pool heater covers, and water heater closets.
Sounds (gnawing, etc.) from attic, subfloor areas and wall spaces.
Visual Sightings on utility cables, tops of fences, or in trees.
Burrows in the ground, and adjacent to sewer lines are signs of Norway rat. activity.
COMMON RODENT ENTRY LOCATION
Broken or missing foundation vent screens or attic vent screens.
Open wooden meter boxes (in older homes).
Space between roof jack and vent pipe.
Under or on sides of garage door.
Brick chimneys which have settled away from house.
Crawl hole with poorly fitted lid.
Broken or open building sewers which connect to the main sanitary sewer. (Norway rats).
Toilets. (Norway rats.
STEPS TO RODENT CONTROL
Roof rat survival depends upon the existence of 3 basic environmental factors: (1) Food, (2) Water, and (3) Harborage
STEP 1: Eliminate Food and Water
Remove all potential sources of food from the premises, such as bird seed left out for birds. Routinely harvest ripe fruit and pick up all fruit that has fallen to the ground.
Store pet food in metal containers with tight sealing lids and do not leave uneaten pet food outdoors.
Avoid storing food in garages and storage sheds unless it is in rat-proof covered metal containers.
Control snails and clean up pet feces because they are favored food items.
Keep trash cans closed at all time with tightly fitted lids.
Repair leaking eliminate any other faucets, sprinklers, or other piping. Keep drain covers tightly fastened and unnecessary standing water.
STEP 2: Destroy Rats
Rats should be snap trapped if they are inside a residence or building. Place traps near nesting areas or where rats are likely to hide. Do not place traps where children or pets will disturb or be harmed by them. Remember, snap traps are very DANGEROUS!
Poisoning with baits indoors is NOT recommended because a rat may die inside the structure and create an odor and fly problem. Poison baits may be used when following recommended guidelines.
Remove dead rats by placing animals in tightly sealed containers for proper disposal.
Clean and disinfect the affected areas.
STEP 3: Eliminate Shelter & Harborage
Close all openings larger than ¼ inch to exclude rats and mice.
Repair or replace damaged vent screens.
Remove all trash and debris.|
Stack woodpiles, lumber and household items at least 18 inches above the ground, and 12 inches away from fences and walls.
Trim trees, bushes and vines at least 4 feet away from the roof.
Remove heavy vegetation away from buildings and fences.
Thin vegetation to allow daylight in and remove rat hiding places.
STEP 4: Maintain a Rat Free Property
After rats have been reduced, prevent reinfestation by keeping harborage and food sources to a minimum.
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